Malnutrition is a big issue in Africa especially among children as many poor families depends on starchy food like cereals, roots and tubers which are poor sources of protein, a food nutrient essential for both growth and maintenance of muscle mass.
To make protein available to peasant farmers especially those who cultivate rice or live close to waterlogged areas, fish-rice farming system should be encouraged as this farming technique is an easy and inexpensive way for rice farmers to breed fish for food.
What is a rice-fish system?
A rice-fish system, which is common in Asia, is an integrated rice field/pond complex, where fish are grown concurrently or alternately with rice. Rice-fish systems allow the production of fish and other aquatic animals, from the same rice field area and generally without causing reductions in rice yields.
This source of animal protein will help boost protein intake for households in Sub-Sahara Africa as fish yield can range widely from of 1.5 to 174 kg/ha/season depending on the type of rice-fish system, the species present, and the management employed.