Nigeria has announced plans to send an astronaut into space by 2030, as part of its drive to develop a world-class space industry.
Sounds like a joke, right? I hope not.
This is a Herculean task for Nigeria considering a lot of factors from politics to economy. But Nigeria got a record in space industry that counts. Nigeria has launched several satellites already.
The Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Ogbonnaya Onu, during a speech in the capital city Abuja, said.
“The space program is very important…Space is a major asset that Nigeria must be involved in for the purpose of protecting national interests.”
A Nigerian Space Agency delegation will visit partners in China this month to discuss logistics and investment for a manned space mission, which would be the first by an African nation.
Dr. Onu’s announcement has been greeted with skepticism. most Nigerians see this venture as a misplaced priority. They believe that there are more pressing issues that need such attention. Some think Nigeria doesn’t have what it takes to send an astronaut to space.
Five Satellites Launched Already
Nigeria may not be a technologically advanced country but Nigeria’s space program is no joke, and it is making steady progress. The National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) has launched five satellites since 2003, with three still in orbit delivering vital services. The most recent – NigeriaSat-X — was the first to be designed and constructed by NASRDA engineers, and more advanced models are in development.
The space agency has made extensive and creative use of the satellites, from analyzing climate data to improve farming practices, to retrieving hostages from Boko Haram, and officials argue this proves space exploration is essential for Nigeria.
“We contribute to various sectors that benefit the nation,” says Felix Ale, NASRDA communications chief. “Space applications are key to development.”
Capacity has improved through greater investment in infrastructure and skills, says Ale, adding that NASRDA has now trained over 300 staff to PhD or BSc level.
Crucially, the industry also benefits from political will at the highest level.
“The president is committed to the program,” says Ale. “To ensure that dreams transfer to reality.”
A Big and Lofty Ambition
Launching an astronaut into orbit represents a greater challenge than Nigeria’s previous missions, but leading figures from the space industry are optimistic.
“To train an astronaut from selection to flight takes about eight years,” says Dr. Spenser Onuh, head of the Centre for Satellite Technology Development. “2030 is realistic in my opinion…Responses from the international collaborators are very supportive and encouraging.”
Professor Calestous Juma, a specialist on space programs in developing countries at the Harvard Kennedy School, suggests the mission represents “lofty ambition” that “may or may not happen as planned.”
But he believes that the vision is more important than the outcome.
“Scientific, technological and engineering capabilities would have direct economic benefits to Nigeria long before the decision of putting a person in space is made,” says Juma. “Space walks are probably the least important. It is the scientific and technological infrastructure and its linkages to the rest of the economy that matters.”
Inspiring a Continent
The Nigerian space program has ambitions beyond its borders, and it is hoped that bold statements — such as a manned mission — will inspire star-gazers across the continent.
“This would be a landmark achievement for Nigeria and Africa, which will encourage the rest of Africa to get involved,” says Ale.
Nigeria already shares resources from its space assets, such as providing satellite imagery to Mali, and has supported the idea of an African Space Agency.
Culled from CNN Africa