Tag Archives: cancer

Archives Reveal Why Africa Should not Depend on Monsanto for GMOs

New innovations in the pharmaceutical and biotech industry must pass through trials to find out the effectiveness and side effects. The innovation is given a Go, if the benefits way outweighs the side effects, if not it is taken back to the lab for more research.

While Food biotechnology may be the solution to food insecurity in Africa through GMOs, Africa must research, develop, produce the GMOs themselves. African nations must understand the innovation enough to be able to decide whether it should be adopted or modified to benefit  their citizens.

Read: Biotechnology – Solving Nigeria’s Food Insecurity Challenges

The health and well-being of Africans cannot be left in the hands of profit-at-all-cost multinationals who may want to use Africans as guinea pigs for new innovations. As much as trials are a big part of research and development (R&D), African countries must carry it out themselves for themselves.

Read: Genome Editing – An Opportunity for Crop Improvement in Africa

It is time for African countries to build their own biotech industry, not only because the future will depend on it, but mainly because multinationals like  Monsanto cannot be trusted as  investigation has shown that the food biotech company based in the United State has endangered people’s health just for profit. The Guardian reported that Monsanto sold banned chemicals for years despite known health risks, archives reveal.

Read: Africa Must Produce its Own Technology

It was reported that Monsanto continued to produce and sell toxic industrial chemicals known as PCBs for eight years after learning that they posed hazards to public health and the environment, according to legal analysis of documents put online in a vast searchable archive.

According to The Guardian, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are long-lived pollutants that were mass-produced by Monsanto between 1935 and 1977 for use as coolants and lubricators in electrical equipment such as transformers and capacitors.

By 1979, they had been completely banned in the US and elsewhere, after a weight of evidence linking them to health ailments that ranged from chloracne and Yusho (rice oil disease) to cancer, and to environmental harm.

Yet a decade earlier, one Monsanto pollution abatement plan in the archive from October 1969, singled out by Sherman, suggests that Monsanto was even then aware of the risks posed by PCB use.

More than 20,000 internal memos, minuted meetings, letters and other documents have been published in the new archive revealed, many for the first time.

Read: Is Genetically Engineered Food Good For You

Most were obtained from legal discovery and access to documents requests digitized by the Poison Papers Project, which was launched by the Bioscience Resource Project and the Center for Media and Democracy. Chiron Return contributed some documents to the library.

Bill Sherman, the assistant attorney general for the US state of Washington – which is suing Monsanto for PCB clean-up costs potentially worth billions of dollars – said the archive contained damning evidence the state had previously been unaware of.

He told the Guardian: “If authentic, these records confirm that Monsanto knew that their PCBs were harmful and pervasive in the environment, and kept selling them in spite of that fact. They knew the dangers, but hid them from the public in order to profit.”

He told the Guardian: “More than 40 years ago, the former Monsanto voluntarily stopped production and sale of PCBs prior to any federal requirement to do so. At the time Monsanto manufactured PCBs, they were a legal and approved product used in many useful applications. Monsanto has no liability for pollution caused by those who used or discharged PCBs into the environment.”

Nigerian who Needed Stem Cell Treatment Dies after Sister was Refused UK Visa

May Brown, whose sister from Nigeria was refused entry to the UK to give her a stem cell transplant has died from leukaemia.

Mrs Brown, 24,  who had a three-year-old daughter, Selina died with loved ones including her husband, Mike, by her side last Friday 14 Jul 2017 at King’s College Hospital.

May Brown’s story, hit the headlines last year after pleading with the Home Office to allow her sister into the UK.

According to her family, the UK Home Office said it was ‘not satisfied’ that her sister, Martha, from Nigeria, would be a genuine visitor or had the funds to cover the costs of the trip.

May, Mike and Selina. She with her husband, at her side on Friday (Picture: ACLT)

According to Cancer Research UK, a stem cell transplant, also called a peripheral blood stem cell transplant is a method aimed to try to cure some types of blood cancer such as leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.

When treating cancer, patients normally get very high doses of chemotherapy, sometimes with whole body radiotherapy. This has a good chance of killing the cancer cells but also kills the stem cells in the bone marrow.

Stem cells are very early blood cells in the bone marrow that develop into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

So to go through cancer treatment, patients undergoing chemotherapy need stem cells to survive. Stem cells are collected from a matching donor. After high dose treatment,  the stem cells are administered into a vein through a drip to replace those that the cancer treatment has killed.

This is why Martha, Mays sister in Nigeria had to come over to the UK to help save the life of her sister. This decision by the Home Office, not to allow entry for Martha caused a protest and a social media campaign hashtag: and 

That decision was later overturned after the campaign and the stem cell transplant was performed at King’s College Hospital in London in January this year.

The transplant appeared to have been successful, but Mrs Brown relapsed in April. She and her family were told by her consultants last week there was nothing more that doctors could do for her.

As a result of the #SaveMayBrown campaign, thousands more people were added to the stem cell register in the UK and Nigeria.

What a Cancerous Cell Has in Common With a Fallen Angel

In multi-cellular organisms, cells work individually and as a group to carry out tasks assigned to them by nature. For example, flat skin cells pack tightly into a layer that protects the underlying tissues from invasion by bacteria. Long, thin muscle cells contract readily to move bones. The numerous extensions from a nerve cell enable it to connect to several other nerve cells in order to send and receive messages rapidly and efficiently.

Every cell contains detailed instructions that dictate exactly how they replicate and function. These instructions are analogous to the blueprints that a builder uses to construct a house; in the case of cells, however, the blueprints themselves must be duplicated along with cells before they divide, so that each daughter cell can retain the instructions that it needs for its own replication. A unit of this instructions is called a gene. Genes determine the characteristics that a cell inherits, such as their shape, function and mode of reproduction.

Cells commit Suicide in a process called Apoptosis

Between 1969 and 1986, Sulston, Sir John E. and Horvitz, H. Robert in their studys of cellular development in roundworm showed that millions of times per second cells commit suicide as an essential part of the normal cycle of cellular replacement. This also seems to be a check against disease: When mutations build up within a cell, the cell will usually self-destruct.

Apoptosis is a mechanism that allows cells to self-destruct when stimulated by the appropriate trigger. This suicide act can be triggered by mild cellular injury and by various factors internal or external to the cell.

Horvitz, H. Robert identified 15 genes that play roles in cell suicide. Some of these genes instruct a cell to kill itself. Other genes direct cells to eat up neighboring cells that die by suicide. He identified one gene that protects against cell suicide by interacting with other genes involved in the cell suicide process.

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Cells and Angels

In ancient Greek religion, in Judaism and Christianity, and in Islam the relationship between God and man involves angels. An angel is seen as a divine messenger and a benevolent spirit that can function also as a protective guardian, as a heavenly warrior, and even as a cosmic power. Their primary function is to serve God and do his will. This is true of angels in both Christianity and Zoroastrianism, as well as in Judaism and Islam.

As functional extensions of the divine will, angels sometimes reward the faithful and punish the unjust or save the weak, who are in need of help, and destroy the wicked, who unjustly persecute their fellow creatures.

In the Same way, a nerve cell is a messenger that carries impulses (instructions, information, or command) from one part of the body to another. White blood cells function as protective guardian to other cells. They are capable of motility and defend the body against infection and disease by ingesting foreign material and cellular debris by destroying infectious agents and cancer cells or by producing antibodies.

Originally, like angels, cells were instructed to carry out specific functions by a higher force. They were coded to possess certain characters. We can say the codes and instructions for cells came from nature and that of angels came from God.  Both angels and cells have specialized functions and worked for the general good of a larger existence.

These instructions and codes ensured order, harmony, discipline, efficiency and sustainability. Like individual angels and like choirs of angels, Cells can work individually and as a group to carry out jobs assigned to them by nature.

Cells Refuse to Commit Suicide

When a cell refuses to commit suicide, the cell may divide and give rise to mutated daughter cells, which continue to divide and spread, gradually forming a growth or tissue of undisciplined and malfunctioning rogue cells called a tumour.

This can be likening to the refusal of Iblis – the personal name of the devil, who was an angel, to worship Adam – the first man according to islam. It was an angel rebelling against God. This act of disobedience transform angels into demons. The refusal of a cell to commit suicide is also a rebellion but against nature. This act of disobedience turned body cells into cancerous cells.

According to Islam, angels are incapable of unbelief and always obey God. Followers of Islam view Satan as an angel who was unusual in his ability to defy God. It is also unusual for a cell to refuse to commit suicide at the end of its cycle or when it is damaged.

Read: Chemical In Car Tyre, Condom, Hand Glove, Baby Pacifier Can Cause Cancer – WHO

Tumours can remain localized to the area in which they arise and pose little risk to health. Such tumours are called benign but as tumours grow, they invade and destroy nearby healthy tissues. If they gain access to the circulatory or lymphatic systems, tumours can migrate throughout the body, seeding in distant areas (a process known as metastasis).

Tumours that grow and spread aggressively in this manner are designated malignant, or cancerous. Left unchecked, they can spread throughout the body and disrupt organs that are necessary to keep an individual healthy and alive. These cells are malicious and like evil beings are destructive.

Cancerous Cells and Fallen Angels

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Basic Christian ideas about demons originated from references to evil beings or “unclean spirits” in the Old Testament of the Bible. Islam also developed a complex system of demons. Muslim writings describe a group of evil beings, called jinn, who cause destruction and preside over places where evil activities take place. The original jinn was called Iblis.

In most English versions of the Bible, the term demon is translated as devil, and in the New Testament, demon is identified with an evil or malevolent spirit.

Tumour cells, especially cancerous ones, unlike healthy cells, exhibits characteristics of malevolence. They are like demons. Instead of repairing, building or protecting the body, these cells invade and destroy nearby healthy tissues. Hence a cell falls from good to evil, from benevolence to malevolence.

By the Middle Ages, Christian theology had developed an elaborate hierarchy of angels, who were associated with God, and fallen angels, or demons, who were led by Satan. Satan himself was considered the original fallen angel. Tumours like normal tissues in human originates from a single cancerous cell.

In a cancerous cell, permanent gene alterations, or mutations, cause the cell to malfunction. For a cell to become cancerous, usually three to seven different mutations must occur in a single cell. These genetic mutations may take many years to accumulate, but the convergence of mutations enables the cell to become cancerous. Cancer requires the suppression of apoptosis to allow survival of the abnormal tumour cells.